When it comes to Napoleon, it is difficult to imagine him without one of his trademark black felt bicorn hats sitting on his not particularly elevated head.
French saleroom Osenat, of Fontainebleau, have an established reputation for selling Napoleonic memorabilia and in their November 15-16 auction they are offering an example of that famous hat style owned by Joseph Giraud, veterinary at the Imperial household, which is estimated at 300,000-400,000euros.
Their sale on September 21 this year included the marriage contract between Napoleon and Josephine from March 8, 1796, sold at €350,000 (£291,665).
But the November sale will feature an even grander cache of Napoleonic material with a princely provenance. Prince Louis II of Monaco (1870-1949), a career soldier whose decision to serve in the French army in the First World War saw him dubbed The Soldier Prince, had a fascination with Napoleon to whom he had a family connection (his mother was the granddaughter of Napoleon’s stepdaughter Stephanie de Beauharnais). more